Pest Control Moles


Moles are small, burrowing mammals that spend a large portion of their lives underground. Though they eat insects that negatively affect lawn health, their presence creates more problems for homeowners than it solves. Moles can cause thousands of dollars in yard damage with their tunnelling.

Appearance / Identification
The pests range from 12 to 20 cm long and have dark grey or brown fur. Most also have slender, pointed noses. While often confused with voles, mice, or other rodents, moles are set apart by their large, scoop-shaped front feet and tiny eyes and ears that are hidden by fur.

The pests thrive in woodlands, meadows, forests, pastures, and fields, as well as urban settings like parks, cemeteries, and gardens. Moles like loose, moist soil that makes burrowing easy and attracts plenty of insects.

Moles must consume their body weight in food every day. Although they will eat plant tubers and seeds, the pests prefer grubs, worms, slugs, and other insects. Homeowners dealing with mole infestations typically also have an overpopulation of grubs in their garden.

Life Cycle / Reproduction
During March and early April, moles give birth to litters of three to five pups. Young are most vulnerable to natural enemies such as coyotes, dogs, badgers, and skunks. Therefore, the pests stay with their mothers for 10 months until fully grown. They usually live four to six years.

Problems Caused by Moles
Moles cause damage by tunneling along hedges, sidewalks, and walls as well as under lawns, flowerbeds, and shallow foundations. As they burrow, the pests expose plants’ delicate roots, creating dead patches in lawns and gardens. Additionally, other pests like field mice and voles often move into moles’ old burrows, causing added problems.

Detection / Signs of Infestation
Clear signs of mole activity include raised tunnels of dirt in yards and dying patches of grass or plants. Homeowners may also notice mounds of dirt in lawns, gardens or fields. People usually don’t see the pests directly, since they rarely come above ground.

Tips for avoiding moles
Maintaining healthy lawns reduces the chance of having grub infestations, which attract moles. Castor oil and dense soil repel them, so adding castor oil plants or packing down soil with a roller can make yards and gardens less inviting to the pests. Finally, dogs and cats are natural predators, so having pets may also deter moles.

Control / Removal
Due to their deep, complex tunnels, many pest control methods that work for other small mammals aren’t effective on moles. Chemical repellents are available, but it’s dangerous for individuals to handle those without supervision. For best results, trust the pest control professionals Bugwise for safe, quick mole removal. 

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